Deshabandu Muttiah is Sri Lankan cricket coach, businessman, former professional cricketer and an inductee into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame. With an average of six wickets per match in Test cricket, Muralitharan is widely regarded as the most successful bowler in international cricket. Muralitharan is the sole bowler to have taken 800 Test wickets as well as more than 531 One Day International (ODI) wickets. In 2022, he’s been the most wicket-taking bowler at international matches than the other bowlers.
Muralitharan’s career in international cricket was marred by controversy regarding his bowling technique. Due to an unusually high extension of his bent, congenital arm during delivery, his bowling style was questioned several times by umpires as well as sections from the community of cricket. After a biomechanical examination under simulation playing conditions, the action of Muralitharan was accepted through the International Cricket Council, first in 1996, and then again in 1999.
Muralitharan was ranked at the top position on the international cricket council’s player rankings of Test bowlers for an unprecedented period of 1,711 consecutive days that included the 214 Test games. He became the top scorer of wickets in the Test game when he surpassed the record-holder Shane Warne on 3 December 2007. Muralitharan was previously the holder of the record after he beat Courtney Walsh’s record of 519 wickets in 2004 however he sustained an injury to his shoulder later in the year and was eventually overtaken by Warne. Muralitharan got the scalp of Gautam Gambhir on February 5, 2009 at Colombo to beat Wasim Akram’s ODI record of 502 wickets. He was retired from cricket in the year 2010 and took his 800th wicket and the final one on 22 July 2010 , which was the ball he took his final Test match.
Muralitharan was rated as the top cricketer in the world by Wisden’s Cricketers’ almanack in 2002. In 2017, he was one of the very first Sri Lankan cricketer to be admitted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame. He was awarded the Ada Derana Sri Lankan of the Award in 2017.
|Full name||Muttiah Muralitharan|
|Born||17 April 1972
|Height||5 ft 7 in (1.70 m)|
|Bowling||Right-arm off break|
|Test debut (cap 54)||28 August 1992 v Australia|
|Last Test||18 July 2010 v India|
|ODI debut (cap 70)||12 August 1993 v India|
|Last ODI||2 April 2011 v India|
|ODI shirt no.||8|
|T20I debut (cap 13)||22 December 2006 v New Zealand|
|Last T20I||31 October 2010 v Australia|
|Domestic team information|
|1999, 2001, 2005, 2007||Lancashire|
|2008–2010||Chennai Super Kings|
|2011||Kochi Tuskers Kerala|
|2012–2014||Royal Challengers Bangalore|
Source: ESPNcricinfo, 8 January 2014
The early years and the personal life
Muralitharan was born on 17 April 1972 into an Hill Country Tamil Hindu family in Kandy, Sri Lanka, the oldest of four children of Sinnasamy Muttiah as well as Lakshmi. Muralitharan’s father Sinnasamy Muttiah, runs a profitable biscuit manufacturing business. The paternal grandfather of Muralitharan’s Periyasamy Sinasamy came out of South India to work in the tea plantations in Central Sri Lanka in 1920. Sinasamy was later in the land where he was born with his daughters , and moved to Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India. But his sons, which included Muralitharan’s mother Muttiah were still living in Sri Lanka.
At the age of nine young, Muralitharan was sent to St. Anthony’s College in Kandy an exclusive school operated by Benedictine monks. He started his career in cricket as a medium-pace bowler, however on the guidance of his coach at school, Sunil Fernando, he started off-spin at the age of was 14 years old. He quickly impressed and was selected to spend four seasons in the First XI. He played as an all-rounder, and played in the middle of the order. In his last two seasons with St Anthony’s College he took more than 100 wickets and was named in 1990-91 as the Bata schoolboy cricketer of the year’.
After leaving school, he joined the Tamil Union Cricket and Athletic Club and was picked to play in the Sri Lanka A tour of England in the year 1991. He took part in five matches but was unable to take one wicket. When he returned in Sri Lanka he impressed against Border’s Australian team in a training game, and later went on for his debut in the Test at the R. Premadasa Stadium in the second test game of the series.
His grandfather passed away at the age of 104 in July 2004, Muralitharan returned home from an excursion to India to attend the funeral. Periyasamy Sinasamy’s dream to have Muralitharan setting the record in terms of most wickets taken in a Test was fulfilled (passing his record, set by Courtney Walsh), but it was not his intention to witness his son’s wedding. Muralitharan’s grandmother died a month prior aged 97. Muralitharan’s manager Kushil Gunasekera, said his belief that “Murali’s family is close and together. They are adamant about the traditional values. The late grandfather had an excellent connection to Murali.”
Muralitharan was married Madhimalar Ramamurthy, a Chennai native, on the 21st March 2005. Madhimalar was the child of former doctor S. Ramamurthy of Malar Hospitals as well as his spouse Dr Nithya Ramamurthy. Their first baby, Naren, was born in January of 2006.
Muttiah Muralitharan is a holder of Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) and does not require a visa to travel to India. Based on his management Kushil Gunasekera Muralitharan has the right to this status due to the fact that his family is from India. Muttiah announced on April 3, 2011 that he would be retiring from all sports.